Observation types are either safe or unsafe behaviours or conditions. The most serious type is a safety rule violation. Full definitions and examples are below:

Unsafe Behaviour

Definition: Performance of a task or other activity that is conducted in a manner that may threaten the health and/or safety of workers.


Operating without qualification or authorization.
Lack of or improper use of PPE.
Failure to tagout/lockout.
Operating equipment at unsafe speed.
Failure to warn.
Bypass or removal of safety devices.
Using defective equipment.
Use of tools for other than their intended purpose.
Working in hazardous locations without adequate protection or warning.
Improper repair of equipment.
Wearing unsafe clothing.
Taking an unsafe position.

Unsafe Condition

Definition: A condition in the work place that is likely to cause property damage or injury. Examples are:

Defective tools, equipment, or supplies.
Inadequate supports or guards.
Congestion in the workplace.
Inadequate warning systems.
Fire and explosion hazards.
Poor housekeeping.
Hazardous atmospheric condition.
Excessive noise.
Poor ventilation.

Safety Rule Violation

Definition: Breach of an organisations core safety rules.

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